Only from the coasts of Huelva and Cádiz could close to 50% of the green hydrogen that Spain has committed in 2030 within the European decarbonization strategy be produced. Thus, two of the four gigawatts that Spain has committed to by 2050 could be produced in the 'Andalusian Valley of Green Hydrogen', which is the name of the new location on the Andalusian coast of light, precisely one of the enclaves with the most hours of sunlight enjoy the entire peninsula and with perfect wind conditions.
It is estimated that these new facilities, where until now products from fossil fuels were produced, will now produce some 300,000 tons of hydrogen per year thanks to renewable sources, therefore 100% green hydrogen. In addition, more than six million tons of carbon dioxide will no longer be emitted into the atmosphere annually.
Spain has perfect conditions to become the leader in the production of green hydrogen in all of Europe, mainly due to the essential water and wind.
The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) estimates that in Spain in 2026 green hydrogen will be cheaper than the current grey.
Hydrogen has been produced for years in plants with petroleum derivatives, that is, gray hydrogen with greenhouse emissions in its process and generation. However, green hydrogen is one that is produced thanks to electrolysis that breaks its water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen but without emissions of toxic polluting gases.
Hence the increasingly sought-after trend in Europe for green hydrogen generation facilities that reduce the toxic carbon footprint that was emitted until now.
There are several projects in our country that will mark the coming years and that will determine whether this trend and its decarbonization goals will finally materialize. According to Enagás and the consulting firm PwC, in 2030 Spain will produce close to three million tons of green hydrogen. In other words, one fifth of the green hydrogen generated throughout Europe.